Approaches to AI

• Systems that act like humans

  • • The study of how to obtain that computers perform tasks at which, at the moment, people are better (Rich and Knight, 1991)

• Systems that think like humans

  • • The effort to make computers think... machines with minds in the full and literal sense (Haugeland, 1985)

• Systems that think rationally

  • • The study of the mental faculties through the study of computational models (Charniak and McDermott, 1985)

• Systems that act rationally

  • • The effort to explain and emulate the intelligent behavior in terms of computational processes (Shalkoff, 1990)