History of ROBOT
• The acclaimed Czech playwright Karel Capek made the first use of the word ‘robot’ in a fictional 1920s play “Rossum’s Universal Robots”, from the Czech word for forced labor or serf.
• The word 'robotics' was first used in Runaround, a short story published in 1942, by Isaac Asimov.
• But it was not until 1956 that a real robot came into existence.
• After the technology explosion during World War II, in 1956, George C. Devol, Norman Schafler and Joseph F. Engelberger and made a serious and commercial effort to produce a robot.
• They started a firm named Unimation and succeeded in building the 1st robot named Unimate.
• Joseph F. Engelberger is known as the ‘Father of Robotics’
Unimate : First Robot
• It was first used in General Motors.• It basically to extract die-castings from die casting machines and to perform spot welding on auto bodies, both tasks being particularly hateful jobs for people.
• A variety of other tasks were also performed by robots, such as loading and unloading machine tools.
• The Unimate started a revolution in the robotics industry and many robots of its type were built for doing tiresome jobs for people.
• Robots offer specific benefits to workers and industries. If introduced correctly, industrial robots can improve the quality of life by freeing workers from dirty, boring, dangerous and heavy labor.